For over 50 years, IEF has been fighting blindness around the world. IEF has been active in IAPB since its founding and was first eye care NGO to be accepted into "official relations" with the WHO (1985). Since 1999, IEF's strategic SightReach® Management program focuses on sustainability of eye care institutions recognizing that, in order to address 90% of the world's blindness, we need qualified ophthalmologists with sophisticated technology working in sustainable eye clinics and hospitals. This focus targets cataract and refractive error specifically through strengthening management, quality of service, standards and protocols, procurement outreach, and income-generating activities so that eye care institutions are less dependent on outside donors and government funds. IEF's public health initiatives address childhood blindness and river blindness (onchocerciasis). IEF's SightReach® Surgical program established in 1999 makes available new and modern ophthalmic equipment, instruments, and supplies to eye care providers around the world with the goal of reducing the barrier of cost in providing eye care to their patients.